Tuesday, April 9, 2019

When Prophecy Fails #2 (Career of Evil edition)

Can you write a Faceborg entry by muzzle-loading a random pile of words into a blunderbuss and firing them at the screen? The possibility never occurred to us at the Riddled Research Laboratory but fortunately here is John Wanoa (rightful KING WILLIAM IV SURROGATE KING OF UK) to put it to empirical test:


He seems to be angry, and concerned for the state of England, watching from exile but unable to intervene as it teeters on the edge of anarchy... his recent attempt to assume his throne and extend his sceptre of authority across the realm being thwarted, by Border Control and a little mix-up involving visas. It is hard to be sure, though, for Wanoa is writing in a kind of quark-soup gramtax, or synmar as it may be.
The New Accelerator
This is actually our goal with the Riddled High-Energy Jargon Accelerator, where we bang nouns and verbs together at high enough velocity to recreate the conditions of the Big Babel - restoring the broken super-symmetries between strong and weak declensions, and between parts of speech, in a veritable neologasm of fresh verbal coinage - in the search for the God Participle. And I must say in passing how disheartening it is to see shameless charlatans who aren't us teaching this stuff at £70 / lesson as "Quantum Grammar" which will confound the Excise Men and other enemies of freedom (like General Semantics, but updated and dumbed down to better profit from morons).


So Greenish Hugh and Louis Carthorse spent a marathon 8-hour session reviewing Mr Wanoa's prodigious logorrhoea, and before they slumped into catatonia, they were able to table the following older sample of Wanoarrhage. The catatonia may have been related to those three pints of Moai Beer.

Moai Beer
"But who is this Eru Manukau, Uncle Smut?" asked absolutely no-one. For he features regularly in Wanoa's eccentric scholium of thought. Usually capitalised, and mercifully bereft of the special colon-centric punctuation associated with Quantum Grammar, or any other kind.
PARAMOUNT MOHI TE MAATI MANUKAU IV AND HIS SON ERU MANUKAU WITH HIS LAWYERS IN LONDON.

BUT NOW the 20 STATE GOVERNMENTS have signed an agreement with the NEW MAORI GOVERNMENT OF NEW ZEALAND The HEAD OF STATE Ariki ERU MANUKAU under the Protectorate of the 20 Government Sovereign STATES signed in ROME Please go to my WEBSITE to see pictures of the PRINCE OF MALTA and ERU MANUKAU and LAWYERS attesting to this EVENT

I HAVE ALL THAT WHAKAPAPA HERE from Te Maati Manukau IV Founder of the Confederation of Tribes direct to Westminster and "Vatican City" Corporation MALTA KNIGHTS TEMPLAR and "City of london" Corporation London UK
MOHI MANUKAU AND I SENT 20 OF THESE FLAGS TO HIS SON ERU MANUKAU IN MALTA FOR THE NWO NEW WORLD ORDER ST JOHN ORDER IN 2008 JUST BEFORE MOHI MANUKAU DIED
HERE IS PRINCE PETER WITH ERU MANUKAU AND I BELIEVE THE POPE TOOK THEM FROM THEM INTO THE VATICAN NWO 8 POINT STAR OF ST PATRICK CHURCH ORDER AS TITLE TO THE WORLD IT IS KING ERNEST AUGUSTUS V I AM NOMINATING AS THE KING OF BRITAIN UK HANOVER TO RESCUE THE FLAGS AND 8 POINT STAR OF ST PATRICK BACK INTO WESTMINSTER PARLIAMENT UNDER KING ERNEST AUGUSTUS V SOVEREIGN MONARCHY REIGN 2016 INHERITANCE INSIDE THE WAITANGI MARAE KINGS BENCH COURT 28 OCTOBER 2016 WAITANGI

However we the INDIGENOUS MORIORI First Nations People CLAIMED the QUEENS CROWN before HELEN CLARK can Claim it for herself and JOINED 20 Government Sovereign States who confirmed MAORI GOVERNMENT is the Recognized TRUE SOVEREIGN of New Zealand and so ERU MANUKAU who is in ROME is the HEAD OF STATE in a New WAITING MAORI GOVERNMENT who has a QUEEN ELIZABETH 11 APPROVAL with the 20 STATES to come back to New Zealand and Take up the NEW GOVERNMENT and since the GOVERNOR GENERAL called ANAND SATYANAND DISSOLVED New Zealand Parliament he will have a PROBLEM opening New Zealand’s Parliament up after the winning Elections because the New Ministers have NO QUEEN to SWEAR their ALLEGANCES to because WE the MORIORI MAORI have the CROWN NOW and so they have to all BOW TO MAORI the SUCCESSORS Democracy is OUT THE WINDOW after that ERU MANUKAU is in talks with your United States Ministers and President Bush right this very present time talk about the FREE TRADE AGREEMENT the Prime Minister of New Zealand signed with USA without the QUEEN and after QUEEN ELIZABETH11 was removed of her BRITISH CROWN and her SOVEREIEGNTY by the British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and in doing so her surrender also Removed “HER MAJESTY TITLE” from New Zealand and its Government Guess what The Government is still using her name after she had gone and signed the AMERICA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT with NEW ZEALAND FRAUDULENTLY UNDER FALSE TITLE OF CROWN from their Government AUTHORITY Business called “HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF NEW ZEALAND[...]”
This may make it clearer
Crivens! It is as if Samuel Beckett suffered a temporal-lobe seizure and only had a teletype machine through which to express the revelations flooding into his brain on a beam of pink light. I hope you were paying attention as there WILL BE A QUIZ. Anyway, Eru Manukau is evidently the HEAD OF STATE of the legitimate MAORI GOVERNMENT-in-exile of New Zealand, with plenipotentiary powers, in regency or satrapy or vassalage to Wanoa himself (Suzerain King of Everything). Alternatively, Foreign Minister of that Govt.-in-Exile.
TAKE NOTICE THAT YOU ARE ACUSED THE NAMED PERSONS SEVERALLY DIDN’T REBUTT ALL OUR MORIORI PUPONGA MANUKAU CLAIMS HISTORIC LAND CLAIMS before 4pm on the 30th September Our MARAE COUNCIL NOW determined with ERU MANUKAU Foreign Minister of MAORI CROWN SOVEREIGN GOVERNMENT now BILL CHARGED HELL EN CLARK to be extradited back here for TRIAL

Our other Foreign Minister Eru Manukau 9 years away should be back from Rome with our Putea next month I am the Tumuake of the Confederation of United Tribes of Aotearoa Nu Tireni here in Auckland Leading the TU TONU TAHI HAWAIKI MARAE as the Land and Energy Minister of Maori Sovereign State Government for real now Registered in the United Nations ahead of the NZ Government presently with Eru Manukau where our Flag is We have both contributed 9 years of work completed now We all need to register our names into the Sovereign State under the Confederation after I have done so myself in order to get the funding for the Land Blocks and all our projects I been talking about for years is here now
But Eru and his fraudster father Te Maati Mohi Wiremu (William) Manukau were mentors to Wanoa: inspirations, and the source of half of the grifty notions comprising his artistic practice. Devising spurious ancestry-based claims to other people's property? In 1996 the Manukau father-&-son team, presenting themselves as "trustees of the Manukau Māori Trust Board", were asserting their ownership of Puketutu Island, to the entertainment of the Māori Land Court.

There was also a complicated stoush at the Waitangi Tribunal, involving a runanga established to represent tribal interests in the ultimate deposition of assets of the New Zealand railways (which were being privatised, as was the custom of the day) - but enlivened by the irruption of young Eru, arguing that he represented the claimants and should receive all assets and compensation on their behalf.


As connoisseurs of such things, here at the Riddled Institute of Maledictive Linguistics we would like to hear more about that "extraordinarily intemperate and aggressive language".

Remember Wanoa's Maoi Crown Royal / Moai Powerhouse Banks[designed as the Share Holders Bank Account under TagPay France Administered by the new Bank Manager from ANZ Bank Auckland New Zealand very experienced in Commercial Banking philosophy. Will appear in every Country in the World as Electronic Money Transactions against the British Pound Note at the present time]? Totally modelled on Eru's "Sovereign Global Bank Aotearoa" / "Maori Central Bank".

The SGBA is a glorious contribution to the gaiety of nations, with its Haast-Eagle-inspired logo, as awesome as an army with banners; a single Crivens! is not enough, more crivenage please. It instantiates the Maori Electronic Gold Currency System, with a 2% transaction tax and a plethora of diagrams.

SGBA officers are HM Ariki Manukau... it is not clear when Eru ascended to the nobility and conferred upon himself the title Ariki. "With 28 yrs experience and expertise in International Law, Banking & Finance, economic development, taxation and the implementation of the New Maori Nation's diplomatic relations, economic and financial systems and the electronic digital gold backed currency worldwide." Along with "Mr Robert H. Ptak CEO & Director of Treasury Operations & Security Intelligence and HRH Dr Percy Tamayo, Director Member, Legal, Financial & Economic Advisor to the Bank, whom form the Maori Central Bank's Core Management Team." Who further styles himself 'Grand Vizier'. This is truly high-concept grifting.

The SGBA was earlier based in New Zealand (i.e. Aotearoa), but the Reserve Bank of NZ was not well-pleased with the nebulous claims being made on its behalf. Hence the relocation to less well-defined financial jurisdiction, with the Austrian domain name, registered by "Ariki Manuka" of "SGBA Holdings HK Ltd" from an office in Hong Hong.

The Bank was an outgrowth or excrescence of the early-2000s Maori Government of Aotearoa... which is to say, a Maori-autonomy affinity fraud, which co-opted a 1834 Tribal-Independence flag to wrap itself in legitimacy. See here for its pseudohistory. The MGA acquired a military wing in the form of the NZ Armed Intervention Force (i.e. Kelvyn Alp and his cohort of white supremacists), but primarily existed for extortion and selling bogus passports to overstayers desperate to acquire citizenship.


The current abode of HM Eru Manukau is no better defined than the Bank's... sometimes in his Hong Kong office suite, sometimes negotiating in Rome with the Vatican and the Prince of Malta. He does have a physical address somewhere, from which to disown and disclaim any conmen taken on as Ambassadors by his Government-in-Exile.
Satere does not LEGALLY represent Aotearoa Ambassador At Large to The Americas for the Maori Sovereign Tribe of Te Atue E Wa. I know this for a fact because i was able to get Ariki Eru Manukau's personal address, who said, and i quote, "Sorry to hear that you have fallen victim to Mr Karenhatase private scam.
Please be advised that Mr Karenhatase was fired from our organisation several months ago for UNAUTHORISED issuing of a guarantee and abuse of his position."
One can safely say, without fear of contradiction or defamation lawyers, that when someone claims to be running their own bank, backed and underwritten by "52,414 metric tonnes in gold bullion ingots" bequeathed by a fictitious though fabulously wealthy dynasty of Indonesian Sultans, then fuckery and fraudulence are afoot.

Sunday, April 7, 2019

When Prophecy Fails (the falling motion)

"Let's re-enact 'When Prophecy Fails' as a real-time broadcast across social media, but instead of the deranged and disappointed cultists expecting UFOs, their saviour is a scrophulous brain-damaged scammer-manqué from New Zealand," said absolutely no-one. Yet the scriptwriters of the Reality Studio heard the unspoken plea, and it came to pass.

Now I am inclined to believe that John Hoani Wanoa is a character from an unpublished sequel to Hadrian VII, written by Thomas Pynchon in a rare collaboration with Alfred Bester, who escaped from the fictive dimension into more corporeal reality. The alternative explanation is that he is a natural-born citizen of Consensus Reality who broke his brain in some dramatic irreversible way (about the same time as he discovered the Kaipara Harbour Tidal Generator scheme and decided to profit from his own scam version thereof), resulting in

1. The fabulation of imaginary ancestries for himself, variously featuring the Moriori, Tahitian / Hawai'ian / Rapanui princely bloodlines, and English royal dynasties.

2. Ingestion of the legal-truther systems of longer-established grifters (notably "Rev." Kevin Annett and his "International Tribunal into Crimes of Church and State"; the white-supremacist prehistory fantasies of Martin Doutre et al.; and a NZ tradition of 1834 Tribal-Independence conmen*), all regurged in a macaronic logorrhoea of cargo-cultic worship-words.

3. Appropriation of the 1834 Confederated Tribes flag as a mystical, all-powerful emblem of KING WILLIAM IV ADMIRALTY MARITIME LAW SOVEREIGNTY and QUEENS BENCH.

4. A conviction that any property he likes the look of must have been stolen from his royal ancestors, therefore really belonging to him, needing only stern letters written in a macaronic logorrhoea of worship-words to ensure its restitution. Or failing that, physical invasion.

5. Under-punctuated 4000-word rants to UK politicians, in a macaronic logorrhoea with the worship-words curiously capitalised.

I would like you to FREEZE the NWO AGENDA 21 CLAIMS to this GOLD TRUST FUND till we get there for the TRIAL between the VATICAN and QUEEN and MOAI BENEFICIARIES please.
I would like you to FREEZE the ADMIRALTY COURT MARTIAL LAW of KING WILLIAM IV FLAG SEAL JURISDICTION MANIFESTATION BONDS CARGO MERCHANT ADMIRALTY MARITIME LAW over USA CANADA AUSTRALIA and NEW ZEALAND immediately the date of this KINGS ORDER online HIGH COURT OF ADMIRALTY COURT HEARING TODAY 27/7/14
NO one is Authorized to use KING WILLIAM IV FLAG SEAL JURISDICTION LEGALLY as of this KINGS ORDER INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC NOTICE today. It will be posted on facebook shortly as a consequence of any ACTION against those THIRD FOURTH PARTIES to this "KING WILLIAM IV ADMIRALTY & "QUEEN VICTORIA MOAI HAPU NATIVE TRUST FUND CLAIM"

Let's face it, that alternative explanation is far less plausible.

Another Kiwi has a third explanation for Mr Wanoa's apparent existence, holding him to be a chapter of "1066 And All That" which somehow attained sentience, but I am not convinced.



The other side of the equation, anyway, is the ragtaggle pack of conspiracist Truthers who found Wanoa's congeries of delusions to be congenial building-blocks for constructing their own stately pleasure-domes of belief. Thus they affect to believe [for values of "belief" which may be imaginary, and are certainly not rational] that

1. John Wanoa is the True Surrogate King of England, Scotland, etc..

2. Upon arrival in the UK, Wanoa will be elevated to the throne by mass acclamation among the Armed Forces and constabulary - allowing him to topple the corrupt established legal system of elitist "lawyers" and "judges" and restore the old system of Common Jurisprudence and King's Bench.


It is not clear which author or literary tradition is responsible for them. Evidently, though, their author is not afraid of broad-brush heavy-handed satire, and not concerned whether characters behave with plausible intelligence.

So these insufferable drongos sent off money to John Wanoa or his proxies, with some uncertainty whether each £25 was a donation, or the purchase of one of the 999,999,999,999 nominal shares in his fantasy tidal-power not-a-business, or a deposit securing the right to purchase a share when he gets around to arranging a magical way to transfer shares that bypasses brokers and Stock Exchange. That's the "scammer-manqué" part of the story.

Wanoa bought his ticket to the UK, as the first step on the triumphant Return-of-the-King march on Westminster that would see an end to the usurpation of power (along the way, visiting the High Court to regularise his claims to an office building in Auckland that rightfully belongs to him because he likes the look of it; and securing the £27 billion bequest owed to him by Lloyd's Bank... because some conmen once pulled a classic Advance-Fee scam on him and stole his retirement savings by promising a bequest while claiming to work on Lloyds' behalf).

It turned out, though, that he travelled on a tourist visa, having failed to apply for a work visa, or the specific "Restoration of Legitimate but Supplanted Royalty" visa. Thus he was turned back at the Border Security desk and put on the next plane to Hong Kong. His arrival without ££ may not have helped (proposing to support himself for the length of his visit by way of mendicancy and appeals to the eleemosynary impulses of strangers); not his openness on social media about his gallows-related intentions for the incumbent sovereign.

So I did not get to open a celebratory bottle of King's Landing after all. To prove that I am not MAKING THIS ALL UP, here are some of the nimrods raggling and taggling at a rally in St James Park. They are literally wrapped in that 1834 flag from a short-lived though entertaining episode of NZ colonial history, convinced that it will protect them from bailiffs and repo-men and child-welfare agencies, much as Ghost Shirts protected the Sioux Ghost-Dancers from the bullets of the US cavalry. Their Old Suspender** addressed them in a video chat by smartphone, but forgot to turn on the sound at his end. More at Hoaxtead Research.




I don't know what is wrong with these people but maybe it's something in the water. What now? Will the Cargo-Cult members recognise the falseness of their beliefs and realign to a slightly more reality-related scholium of thought? Or will they resolve the cognitive dissonance (to the extent that they recognise it) by doubling down, destroying all their food and starving en masse? Leon Festinger is not optimistic.

Conditions[edit]

Festinger stated that five conditions must be present if someone is to become a more fervent believer after a failure or disconfirmation:
  • A belief must be held with deep conviction and it must have some relevance to action, that is, to what the believer does or how he or she behaves.
  • The person holding the belief must have committed himself to it; that is, for the sake of his belief, he must have taken some important action that is difficult to undo. In general, the more important such actions are, and the more difficult they are to undo, the greater is the individual's commitment to the belief.
  • The belief must be sufficiently specific and sufficiently concerned with the real world so that events may unequivocally refute the belief.
  • Such undeniable disconfirmatory evidence must occur and must be recognized by the individual holding the belief.
  • The individual believer must have social support. It is unlikely that one isolated believer could withstand the kind of disconfirming evidence that has been specified. If, however, the believer is a member of a group of convinced persons who can support one another, the belief may be maintained and the believers may attempt to proselytize or persuade nonmembers that the belief is correct.



* A special shout-out for Wanoa's old mates, father-and-son grifter duo Eru and Mohi Wiremu ("William") Manukau, who can be found trying to grab other people's land with bogus title claims back in 1996. Eru was an early adopter of the "United Tribes" Sovereign-State fraud and the totemic properties of the 1834 flag, using them to sell fake citizenship in 2000. He subsequently set up his own fake bank ("Sovereign Global Bank Aotearoa" / "Maori Central Bank"), seems to be running his various scams from overseas, and is clearly the source for many of John Wanoa's unoriginal notions.



** Old Suspender:

Bonus Pretenders:

We had to make our own fun when I were a lad

Putting pigs in pokes and cats in bags were very popular activities in the mid-1930s.
The frequencies of pig-poking and cat-bagging were inversely related in the first half of the 19th century; then the correlation became strongly positive.
No-one knows why.

Meta

More people were writing about Goofle Ngram Viewer in 1820 than in any subsequent year.

Friday, April 5, 2019

The subtleties a spectrograph would miss

This post was earlier cross-posted at Leonid Schneider's site, hence the nonfrivolity and Explaining Voice. The version there is improved by Leonid's editing and frame-story.

The comments for that version include link to (A) fakes from X.-K. Wang's other students which were left on the cutting-room floor, (B) a Chinese translation with Figures improved by explanatory arrows and annotations (thx. anonymous Chinese translators!), and (C) a University investigation.

TigerBB8 reports more about links among the present Dramatis Personae.

The Brocken Spectre is a phenomenon seen from a mountain peak, looking down on clouds or fog with the sun behind one. "Brokenspectra" is a term I made up just now for unnatural wavelength functions - X-ray or IR or Raman spectra (and including X-ray diffraction patterns as honorary members of the club) - stitched together from spare parts, preferably in a laboratory in a Carpathian castle while angry peasants gather at the gates with pitchforks and torches.

Here is one to whet your appetite. I think it is some kind of mutant bar-code containing a hidden message.

Li et al. 2017

Jin, Shen & Sun, 2014
And another. It is remarkably similar to my EKG after the second double-shot espresso of the morning.

Leonid's readers will be disappointed by the absence of manipulated Western Blots from today's post. Instead there are electron-microscopy images of a protean nature, shifting their identities on every appearance; and Brokenspectra, including the first sightings from the high-end extreme of EXAFS (Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure), which may serve as some consolation. Also versatile scholars in the Renaissance mould of Aldrovandi or Athanasius Kircher, breaking out from the narrow confines of their nominal specialty to publish in physical chemistry; and there are unusual patterns of citation. The central characters are Yubing Sun of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a prolific and well-funded researcher at Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences (Institute of Plasma Physics) and North China Electrical Power University (NCEPU); and his frequent co-author, Xiangke Wang - Sun's boss at NCEPU.

But we should begin at the end: with


[1]. Enhanced adsorption of Zn(II) onto graphene oxides investigated using batch and modeling techniques (2018).

This excursion into advanced materials science is atypical for the lead author Min Pan, of Xiamen University of Technology, whose career centres on the treatment of sewage and slaughterhouse wastewater. The paper raises some concerns, as featured in a PubPeer thread. In particular, Figure 1 sets out to characterise the Graphene Oxide (GO) in various ways. But stuttering in the XRD contained in panel 1(E) hints at some heinous malfunction in the diffraction equipment.


Figure 1(B) is a TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope) image of the experimental GO, but a section of it had previously been enlarged and slightly rotated [at right] to illustrate GO3, in [2]:


[2]. Tuning the chemistry of graphene oxides by sonochemical approach: Application on adsorption properties (Yubing Sun et al., 2015).

The SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) image of the experimental GO had previously illustrated "HOOC-GOs" when it appeared in Fig 1(B) [right] of [3]:


[3]. Adsorption and desorption of U(VI) on functionalized graphene oxides: a combined experimental and theoretical study (Yubing Sun et al., 2015).

In fact Fig 1 of [3] has undergone some remarkable migrations. For convenient referral I show it over at the right. As noted, Panel 1(B) is a SEM of "HOOC-GOs". Except when it illustrates "sulfonated graphene oxide" (GO-OSO3H):


Note that one image is not simply an enlarged detail of the other: they overlap, each with its own unique segment, suggesting that two sets of authors cut down a single larger Ur-version, in different ways. Note also that this is now a different paper: we have set Min Pan's oeuvre aside for the moment, and turned to Ting Yao, of the Air Force Logistics College in Xuzhou. Yao has published on aspects of aviation oil and remediation of contaminated environments. But at some point she gained access to a supply of rare-earth elements and wrote [4]:


[4]. Adsorption of Eu(III) on sulfonated graphene oxide: Combined macroscopic and modeling techniques (Ting Yao et al, 2016).

Figure 1 of [4] characterises the GO-OSO3H in several ways, including an XPS spectrum [1D, right] which is indebted to the carboxylated GO of [3].


Don't fear that the other panels of Figure 1 from [3] have been neglected. Panel 1(C) is postponed until [20]. As for 1(A), we find it illustrating an application of GO, in Figure 1 of paper [5] from Min Pan:

[5] The highly efficient adsorption of Pb(II) on graphene oxides: A process combined by batch experiments and modeling techniques (Xiaoming Huang & Min Pan, 2016).

But we have not finished with Ting Yao's work. At left below is Figure 1 B, a FTIR spectrum characterising B subtilis, from

[6] Biosorption of Eu(III) and U(VI) on Bacillus subtilis: Macroscopic and modeling investigation (Yao, ...& Li, 2016).


It is shared at right, in common with the lower FTIR spectrum of Fig 1D in

[7] Adsorption of U(VI) on sericite in the presence of Bacillus subtilis: A combined batch, EXAFS and modeling techniques (Sun et al. 2016).

Now the final and corresponding author of [6] was Fengbo Li, a new arrival in the dramatis personae. His scholarly endeavours at Huangshan University have focused on applications of a soil fungus, Paecilomyces catenlannulatus - in particular, its potential for sequestering and bioabsorbing heavy metals. There is a recurring theme here, of dealing with environmental contaminants of the breathtakingly-toxic and sometimes radioactive variety, reflecting the downside of China's industrial transformation. Anyway, Li serves as a link to a third cluster of researchers with their own pair of papers.


[8] Adsorption of U(VI) on magnetic iron oxide/Paecilomyces catenlannulatus composites
(Fengbo Li, Xiaoyu Li & Pu Cui, 2018).

Figure 1 is what catches the eye, for the "MIO/B composites" shown there are reminiscent of the "carbon nanofibers" depicted in another Figure 1 from a different paper:

[9] Macroscopic and Microscopic Investigation of U(VI) and Eu(III) Adsorption on Carbonaceous Nanofibers (Sun et al. 2016).

Progressing quickly to a second paper from these authors, its Fig. 1(A) (a FT-IR spectrum for P. catenlannulatus) reveals an unusual repeated feature, rather resembling a front view of a sofa. Somehow it is turning into an airliner seating diagram.

[10] Detoxification of U(VI) by Paecilomyces catenlannulatus investigated by batch, XANES and EXAFS techniques (Fengbo Li, Xiaoyu Li & Pu Cui, 2018).

The paper also provides a useful segue to EXAFS. To repeat, this is high-end materials science. I would expose the shallowness of my understanding if I tried to explain EXAFS. The crux, though is that at high enough resolution, the fine structure of an X-ray absorption line contains clues to the crystalline neighbourhood of the atoms absorbing those X-rays (because the probability that a photon will dislodge an electron is modulated by the energy-dependent interference between that dislodged electron, as a wave, and neighbouring atoms / bonds). A computation-heavy weighted Fourier transform from the frequency into the spatial domain makes these clues explicit.

The only source of sufficiently pure monochromatic X-rays is a synchrotron beam-line, and these are not desktop laboratory devices (though there is one in Shanghai). So not many people are active in the field. Evidently Fengbo Li qualified for access to the Shanghai installation (as well as access to radionuclides), resulting in Figure 6(B) [left], where the bottom profile is an EXAFS spectrum for "U-loaded P. catenlannulatus incubation time = 7 days, pH 4.5, CU(VI) = 20 mg/L."

Unexpectedly, all three spectra are replotted from counterparts in Fig. 7(B) [right], from

[11] Simultaneous adsorption and reduction of U(VI) on reduced graphene oxide-supported nanoscale zerovalent iron (Sun et al. 2014).

To sum up: we have three small clusters of researchers located around China, repurposing images and results from the large, productive Sun / Wang group. In comments in Pubpeer, Sun and Wang have expressed dismay at these acts of intellectual piracy, while preferring not to speculate about exactly how the other groups obtained the Ur-versions. Those clusters are not entirely disjunct: Fengbo Li of the third group was corresponding author on Yao's paper [6]. Li has also collaborated with Sun, most recently in 2018 (see [12] below). I should note that much of the pirated material was published in the Journal of Molecular Liquids, which benefits from Xiangke Wang's presence on its Editorial Board; it is a pity that papers [4], [5], [6], [8] did not cross his desk and alert him to these misdeeds.

Perhaps in compensation, there are some unusual patterns of citation (as promised above). In [4], 26 out of 44 references invoke the work of Y. B. Sun. In [5]. 15 out of 44. I am not convinced that they all crucially relevant.




Citations, of course, have become the currency of the academic-publishing economy. Like viewers' votes in a Reality-TV show, they drive the Impact Factors of journals, and of individual papers. Summed across papers, they define the importance and determine the career paths of the authors, removing the need for science administrators to understand anything of what people might have contributed before promoting them or bestowing tenure. Roles on Peer-Reviewer panels and Editorial Boards are determined by citations in all their majestic objectivity.

27 out of 51 references in [6] invoke Y. B Sun. In [8], 27 of 47. This might strike some as immoderate.



This creates an incentive for authors to pack self-citations into every niche of their own References sections, or as peer-reviewers, to render judgement that a manuscript is unpublishable until it contains 12 citations of one's own work; though these are generally deprecated. Citation cartels at the level of journals - mutually-beneficial exchanges of backrolling and logscratching between editors - are derogated in the same way.

In [10], 23 of 38 citations. In [12], 20 of 56 citations. Here [12] is the Li / Sun collaboration foreshadowed above:

[12] Plasma-grafted amidoxime/metal–organic framework composites for the selective sequestration of U(vi) (Fengbo Li, Xiaoyu Li, Pu Cui & Yubing Sun, 2018).



Now [12] commends itself to our attention partly for Figure 1(B), a FT-IR spectrum for an amidoxime/metal–organic framework composite or AO/MOF, containing odd segments of self-similarity.


Those features were already present when the spectrum was published a year earlier - vertically compressed - as the upper, red profile in Figure 1(C) of [13]:

[13] Plasma-Facilitated Synthesis of Amidoxime/Carbon Nanofiber Hybrids for Effective Enrichment of 238U(VI) and 241Am(III) (Sun et al. 2017).

Indeed, the two papers shared any number of results, despite the difference between AO/MOFs and "Amidoxime/Carbon Nanofiber Hybrids". Xiangke Wang was dismayed by the theft but we have yet to hear from Sun, the author in common.


EXAFS results were shared.

In fact these spectra make a third appearance! They are also Figure 5 [at left] of [14]

[14] The influence of nanoscale size on the adsorption–desorption of U(vi) on nano-Al oxides (Wan et al. 2018).

In that third home, two of the spectra donned new identities as uranium-sequestering nano-alumina and nano-corundum. The uppermost spectrum (U(vi) in isolation) is unchanged for R(Å) < 2.2, but for R(Å) > 2.2 it is flat. The absence of a third peak piqued the curiosity of an EXAFS expert in a Pubpeer comment but the best explanation is that the output was edited.

There is just time to admire two Brokenspectrum from [14] before continuing: To the right, some experimental hiccoughs have perturbed Figure 5(A), showing XPS analyses for the two aluminium oxides.

We are now within Sun's canon but there is no space to be exhaustive (readers are invited to explore the relevant PubPeer threads). I shall quickly select a few representative Brokenspectra.

[15] Determination of chemical affinity of graphene oxide nanosheets with radionuclides investigated by macroscopic, spectroscopic and modeling techniques (Ding et al, 2014).

[16] Enhanced adsorption of ionizable aromatic compounds on humic acid-coated carbonaceous adsorbents (Sun et al. 2012).



[17] Highly efficient enrichment of radionuclides on graphene oxide-supported polyaniline (Sun et al. 2013).

[18] Mechanistic insights into the decontamination of Th(iv) on graphene oxide-based composites by EXAFS and modeling techniques (Sun et al. 2017).



The upper one on the right is really the Prague skyline.


I really want to concentrate on the EXAFS analyses, for they are the point of difference for this group. So it was natural to take seven raw-data and transformed spectra for functionalized GO, in Figure 4 of [3] [below, left], and compare them against the transformed spectra [right] for "uranium-containing nZVI/C composites" at different pH / time combinations, from [19]. Mirabile dictu, four of them are the same!

[19] New Synthesis of nZVI/C Composites as an Efficient Adsorbent for the Uptake of U(VI) from Aqueous Solutions (Liu et al. 2017).

The similarity is not complete, for when the 2015 "rGOs_U/pH8" profile was repurposed to be "U(VI)O22+ in 2017, it was edited to be flat for R(Å) &rt; 2.5.


As always, there is more, and I am compelled us if by a gaes to take those seven spectra from [3] and compare them again... four of them also appeared as Fig. 4 in [2], this time representing sonochemically-tuned Uranium-sponge GO variants.


More curious still, although the raw data are the same, the Fourier-transformed versions of these EXAFS spectra do not match. There are only two main humps instead of three, which is like recalculating a camel and ending up with a horse. How does this happen?

Now that we are back on the subject of [3], with the functionalized GOs, it may be time to wonder why the FT-IR spectra for GOs and rGOs are identical, down to pixels of noise, except for a 10% horizontal stretch.


Readers might be worried about Panel 1(C) from [3] - a crumpled paperbag of a reduced-GO sheet, seen via SEM. Don't worry, it has not been neglected, and was transformed back into GO [here at right] to become Figure 1(A) of [20].


[20] High sorption of U(VI) on graphene oxides studied by batch experimental and theoretical calculations (Wang et al. 2016).

And going back to the Graphene Oxide SEM of [3] Fig 1(A), there are two other reported sightings. One was in Supplementary Figure S1A of [21], which again described the subject matter as GO, so the main concern is that a different microscope had reportedly created the image.

[21] Mutual effect of U(vi) and Sr(ii) on graphene oxides: evidence from EXAFS and theoretical calculations (Cheng et al., 2017),

The second was in Fig. 1D [right] of [22], where in the manner of a master-criminal from sensationalist fiction, the material had changed its identity, and was calling itself a "mesoporous Al2O3/EG composite".


[22] Enhanced adsorption of Eu(III) on mesoporous Al2O3/expanded graphite composites investigated by macroscopic and microscopic techniques (Sun et al. 2012)

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
What is one to make of all this? Sun and Wang have reached the pinnacle of Physical Chemistry success, and ascended into the High-Citation empyrean (assisted by a certain degree of self-citation). When you have gained access to (1) exotic materials, and (2) a synchrotron X-ray beamline, with (3) software and (4) grad students to write the manuscripts, then a stream of publishable papers is guaranteed (along with the funding to ensure that (1)-(4) continue). There should be no need to manipulate spectra, and duplicate results, and extract different, incompatible spectra from single sets of data.

In particular, there should be no need for groups of outsiders to this niche of materials science, embellishing their academic records with papers consisting of images from Sun & Wang, text in the style of Sun & Wang, and citations to Sun & Wang. One's papers (and the broader plot arcs they build) should already be attracting citations from other researchers in the field. Assuming, of course, that other researchers in the field can replicate one's results and calculations.

[Thanks TigerBB8 for contributions]